Inventory: Inventory (% Revenue): The stockpile of unsold products. Unlike corporate reports which show inventory as a percent of total assets, the sole proprietorship financial format displays Inventory as a percent of Revenue.
Cost of Sales: Cost of Sales includes materials and labor involved in the direct delivery of a product or service. Other costs are included in the cost of sales to the extent that they are involved in bringing goods to their location and condition ready to be sold. Non-production overheads such as development costs may be attributable to the cost of goods sold. The costs of services provided will consist primarily of personnel directly engaged in providing the service, including supervisory personnel and attributable overhead.
COS-Labor Portion: COS-Labor Portion: This reporting format details labor from the materials and delivery portion of the total Cost of Sales.
Gross Profit: Gross Profit represents direct operating expenses plus net profit. In addition to the labor portion of Cost of Sales, wage costs are reflected in the Officers Compensation and Wages-Salary line items. The Contract Labor-Commissions line item is reserved for non-employee labor, sales and related costs. In many cases, SG&A (Sales, General and Administrative) costs also include some overhead, administrative and supervisory wages.
Salary-Wages: Compensation and Wages-Salary line items. In many cases, SG&A (Sales, General and Administrative) costs also include some overhead, administrative and supervisory wages.
Rent: Rent covers the rental cost of any business property, including land, buildings and equipment.
Advertising: Advertising includes advertising, promotion and publicity for the reporting business, but not on behalf of others.
Benefits-Pension: Benefits-Pension includes, but is not limited to, employee health care and retirement costs.
Insurance (non-health): Insurance (non-health) costs include business liability and property insurance, but exclude employee health insurance, which is covered under the Benefits-Pension line item.
Taxes paid: The Taxes Paid line item includes payroll other paid-in tax items, but not business income taxes due for the period. Although it can be calculated in many ways and is a controversial measure, the EBITDA line item (Earnings before Interest Expense, income tax due, Depreciation and Amortization) adds back interest payments, depreciation, amortization and depletion allowances, and excludes income taxes due to reduce the effect of accounting decisions on the bottom line of the Profit and Loss Statement. Since some firms utilize EBITDA to "add back" non-cash and flexible expenses which may be altered through credits and accounting procedures (such as income tax), paid-in income taxes from the Taxes Paid line item are not added back in the EBITDA calculation.
Sales, General, Admin & Misc: In addition to varying proportions of overhead, administrative and supervisory wages, some generally more minor expenses are aggregated under Sales, General and Administrative & Miscellaneous Expenses.
EBITDA: EBITDA: Business Revenue: Earnings Before Interest, (income) Taxes due, Depreciation and Amortization divided by Business Revenue. EBITDA: Business Revenue is a relatively controversial (and often criticized) metric designed to eliminate the effect of finance and accounting decisions when comparing companies and industry benchmarks. Tax credits and deferral procedures and non-cash expenditures (Amortization and Depreciation) are not deducted from the profit equation, as are interest expenditures.
Net Profit: Pre-Tax Net Profit represents net profit before income tax due. Income Tax calculates the federal corporate tax rate before credits, leaving After-Tax Profit at the bottom line.
Owner Earnings: Discretionary Owner Earnings sums Officer Compensation, Depreciation and related non-cash expenses and Net Profit before business taxes to represent a practical measure of total return to owners. The D.O.E. metric is mainly used for small businesses.
Total Direct Labor & NP: The Total Direct Labor & NP line is developed to indicate overall labor costs, aggregating them as a percentage indicator for one-person sole proprietorships as well as larger operations. Total Direct Labor & NP sums the labor portion of Cost of Sales, Salary-Wages, Contract Labor-Commissions and Net Profit line items.
Net Cash/ Revenue %: Net Cash: Revenue: (Retained Cash plus Net Profit) divided by Revenue. Adds back non-out of pocket items (e.g., depreciation, amortization, home office) which show as expenses but largely do not reduce liquid assets.
Net Cash turnover (X): Net Cash Turnover: Revenue divided by Cash. Cash totals taken from the Cash Flow table less out of pocket expenses. Results too far from the benchmark may indicate overly conservative or aggressive liquidity policies.
Gross Profit: Revenue: Gross Profit/Revenue: Gross Profit divided by Annual revenue. This is the profit ratio before direct expenses. This ratio can indicate the 'play' in other expenses which could be adjusted to increase the Net Profit margin.
EBITDA: Revenue: EBITDA: Revenue: Earnings Before Interest, income taxes due, Depreciation and Amortization divided by Revenue. EBITDA: Revenue is a relatively controversial (and often criticized) metric designed to eliminate the effect of finance and accounting decisions when comparing companies and industry benchmarks. Tax credits and deferral procedures and non-cash expenditures (Amortization and Depreciation) are not deducted from the profit equation, as are interest expenditures. In the case of sole proprietor reporting formats, the “before tax” refers to owner federal income taxes resulting from Net Profit, rather than federal corporate income taxes.
Return on Revenue (%): Return on Revenue: Net Profit divided by Annual Net Revenue, indicating the level of profit from each dollar of Revenue. Income taxes attributable to the Net Profit portion of proprietor income have not been deducted from Net Profit. This ratio can be used as a predictor of the company\'s ability to withstand changes in prices or market conditions. The ratio is often higher for startups and sole proprietorships due to owner compensation draws accounted as net profit.
Cost of Sales: Inventory (x): Cost of Sales: Inventory: Cost of Sales divided by Inventory. This ratio reflects the number of times inventory is turned over during the course of the year. High levels can mean good liquidity or sales, or shortages requiring better management. Low levels may indicate poor cash flow or overstocking.
Days Inventory: Days Inventory: 365 divided by (Cost of Sales: Inventory): Shows the average number of days of items in inventory. Positive inventory balance will align most closely with industry benchmarks.
EBITDA: Interest: EBITDA: Interest: Earnings before Interest, income axe due, Depreciation and Amortization divided by Interest expense. This ratio assesses financial stability by examining whether a company is at least profitable enough to pay interest expense. A ratio >1.00 indicates it is. See cautions in the listing for EBITDA.
Inventory Turnover: Inventory Turnover: Revenue divided by Inventory. Target at or slightly above industry level. This ratio indicates how quickly inventory turns over. Ratios below the industry norm suggest high levels of inventory. High ratios could indicate product levels insufficient to satisfy demand in a timely manner.
Total Labor: Revenue: Total Labor: Revenue: All direct compensation costs as a percentage of sales, including the labor cost portion of cost of sales, salary & wages, contract labor and commissions. Net Profit is also included for sole proprietorship and most startup operations because it is considered owner compensation.
Profit per Employee: Pre-Tax Net Profit/Full-time Employees. Higher is better.
Owner Earnings per Employee: Discretionary Owner Earnings (Officers' Compensation+Depreciation+Pre-Tax Net Profit)/Full-time Employees. Higher is better.